OC4MC: Objective Caml for Multicore Architectures
Objective Caml is a famous dialect of the ML family languages. It is well-known for its performance as a compiled programming language, notably thanks to its incremental generational automatic memory collection. However, for historical reasons, the latter was built for monocore processors. One consequence is the runtime library assumes there is effectively no more than one thread running at a time, which allows many optimisations for monocore architectures: very few thread mutexes are sufficient to prevent more than a single thread to run at a time. This makes memory allocation and collection quite easier. The way it was built makes it not possible to take advantage of now widespread multicore CPU architectures. This paper presents our feedback on removing Objective Caml's garbage collector and designing a "Stop-The-World Stop&Copy" garbage collector to permit threads to take advantage of multicore architectures.
Draft Proceedings of the 21st Symposium on Implementation and Application of Functional Languages. 21st Symposium on Implementation and Application of Functional Languagesconference proceeding 2009-09-23