État académique
Thèse soutenue le 2013-09-02
Sujet: Vers des algorithmes auto-organisants dans les réseaux sans fil ambiants, Towards self organized and bio-inspired algorithms for ubiquitous networks
Direction de thèse:
Encadrement de thèse:
Ellipse bleue: doctorant, ellipse jaune: docteur, rectangle vert: permanent, rectangle jaune: HDR. Trait vert: encadrant de thèse, trait bleu: directeur de thèse, pointillé: jury d'évaluation à mi-parcours ou jury de thèse.
Productions scientifiques
A self-organization framework for wireless ad hoc networks as small worlds
Motivated by the benefits of small-world networks, we propose a self-organization framework for wireless ad hoc networks. We investigate the use of directional beamforming for creating long-range short cuts between nodes. Using simulation results for randomized beamforming as a guideline, we identify crucial design issues for algorithm design. Our results show that, while significant path length reduction is achievable, this is accompanied by the problem of asymmetric paths between nodes. Subsequently, we propose a distributed algorithm for small-world creation that achieves path length reduction while maintaining connectivity. We define a new centrality measure that estimates the structural importance of nodes based on traffic flow in the network, which is used to identify the set of nodes that beamform. We show using simulations that this leads to a significant reduction in path length while maintaining connectivity.
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology ISSN:0018-9545article in peer-reviewed journal 2012-07
Achieving small-world properties using bio-inspired techniques in wireless networks
It is highly desirable and challenging for a wireless ad hoc network to have self-organization properties in order to achieve wide network characteristics. Studies have shown that Small-World properties, primarily low average path length (APL) and high clustering coefficient, are desired properties for networks in general. However, due to the spatial nature of the wireless networks, achieving small-world properties remains highly challenging. Studies also show that, wireless ad hoc networks with small-world properties show a degree of distribution that lies between geometric and power law. In this paper, we show that in a wireless ad hoc network with non-uniform node density with only local information, we can significantly reduce the APL and retain the clustering coefficient. To achieve our goal, our algorithm first identifies logical regions using the Lateral Inhibition technique, then identifies the nodes that beamform and finally the beam properties using Flocking. We use Lateral Inhibition and Flocking because they enable us to use local state information as opposed to other techniques. We support our work with simulation results and analysis, which show that a reduction of up to 40% can be achieved for a high-density network. We also show the effect of hopcount used to create regions on APL, clustering coefficient and connectivity.
The Computer Journalarticle in peer-reviewed journal 2012-08
Towards enhancing information dissemination in wireless networks
In public warning message systems, information dissemination across the network is a critical aspect that has to be addressed. Dissemination of warning messages should be such that it reaches as many nodes in the network in a short time. In communication networks those based on device to device interactions, dissemination of the information has lately picked up lot of interest and the need for self organization of the network has been brought up. Self organization leads to local behaviors and interactions that have global effects and helps in addressing scaling issues. The use of self organized features allows autonomous behavior with low memory usage. Some examples of self organization phenomenon that are observed in nature are Lateral Inhibition and Flocking. In order to provide self organized features to communication networks, insights from such naturally occurring phenomenon is used. Achieving small world properties is an attractive way to enhance information dissemination across the network. In small world model rewiring of links in the network is performed by altering the length and the direction of the existing links. In an autonomous wireless environment such organization can be achieved using self organized phenomenon like Lateral inhibition and Flocking and beamforming (a concept in communication). Towards this, we first use Lateral Inhibition, analogy to Flocking behavior and beamforming to show how dissemination of information can be enhanced. Lateral Inhibition is used to create virtual regions in the network. Then using the analogy of Flocking rules, beam properties of the nodes in the regions are set. We then prove that small world properties are achieved using average path length metric. However, the proposed algorithm is applicable to static networks and Flocking and Lateral Inhibition concepts, if used in a mobile scenario, will be highly complex in terms of computation and memory. In a mobile scenario such as human mobility aided networks, the network structure changes frequently. In such conditions dissemination of information is highly impacted as new connections are made and old ones are broken. We thus use stability concept in mobile networks with beamforming to show how information dissemination process can be enhanced. In the algorithm, we first predict the stability of a node in the mobile network using locally available information and then uses it to identify beamforming nodes. In the algorithm, the low stability nodes are allowed to beamform towards the nodes with high stability. The difference between high and low stability nodes is based on threshold value. The algorithm is developed such that it does not require any global knowledge about the network and works using only local information. The results are validated using how quickly more number of nodes receive the information and different state of the art algorithms. We also show the effect of various parameters such as number of sources, number of packets, mobility parameters and antenna parameters etc. on the information dissemination process in the network. In realistic scenarios however, the dynamicity in the network is not only related to mobility. Dynamic conditions also arise due to change in density of nodes at a given time. To address effect of such scenario on the dissemination of information related to public safety in a metapopulation, we use the concepts of epidemic model, beamforming and the countrywide mobility pattern extracted from the $D4D$ dataset. Here, we also propose the addition of three latent states to the existing epidemic model ($SIR$ model). We study the transient states towards the evolution of the number of devices having the information and the difference in the number of devices having the information when compared with different cases to evaluate the results. Through the results we show that enhancements in the dissemination process can be achieved in the addressed scenario
PhD thesis 2013-09-02
Thèse: Vers une amélioration de la diffusion des informations des réseaux sans fils
Soutenance: 2013-09-02
Rapporteurs: Xavier LAGRANGE    André-Luc BEYLOT